Glossary

Container – standard and common form of shipping goods within the UK and internationally. Containers can be moved easily and efficiently from road and /or rail to ship, and vice versa as part of international Distribution networks and market supply chains.

Development Consent Order (DCO) – a consent by a Minister for a Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project (NSIP).

Distribution/distribution sector – also often used interchangeably with the term ‘logistics sector’. The management of the flow of resources (such as components, products, or raw materials) between the point of origin and the point of consumption, both within the UK and internationally. This includes the movement of goods as part of a supply chain, which includes relationships and movements involving retailers and end-consumers, including the public, as well as often complex networks between manufacturers and often multiple suppliers.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) – is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, also taking into account socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts. The process considers likely beneficial and adverse impacts. The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the likely environmental impacts when deciding whether or not to proceed with a project. The main findings and conclusions from the EIA process regarding any likely significant impacts are presented within an Environmental Statement (ES).

Green Infrastructure – a network of multi-functional green space, urban and rural, which is capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits for local communities. Can include landscaping areas containing planting, open spaces, walkways and green links (including those intended to support habitat creation or retention to support biodiversity).

Logistics/logistics sector – see Distribution.

Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project (NSIP) – NSIPS cover a range of projects in the fields of energy, transport, water and waste above certain size thresholds. If a project falls within these thresholds then a developer must apply for permission and develop through a Development Consent Order rather than through a standard planning permission.

Rail-served warehousing – Storage and warehouse buildings which enable movements of freight/goods in and out by rail, as opposed to being only accessed by road.

Strategic Rail Freight Interchange (SRFI) - a large multi-purpose rail freight interchange and distribution centre linked into both the rail and trunk road system. It has rail-connected warehousing and container handling facilities and may also include manufacturing and processing activities.

Trunk Road – the national strategic road network, operated and maintained by Highways England, consisting principally of the motorways and major A roads.